1. Look at the NumbersThe numbers on the chart indicate where to start. Most charts are worked from the bottom up. In the chart above, you’ll notice Row 1 on the bottom right of the chart. The number being in this location means that this row is to be worked from right to left. Right Side rows are worked from right to left on knitting charts. Notice that Row 2 is located on the left side of the chart, which means that it is worked from left to right. This is a Wrong Side row.
Sometimes, you’ll come across a chart where all the numbers are to the right of the chart. This indicates that the chart is worked in the round. When working in the round, every round is worked on the Right Side of the project, so every round will be worked from right to left.
2. No Numbers? No Problem!Occasionally a chart will have some rows missing altogether. This is commonly seen on large charts, where every other row or round is simply worked in knit stitches or purl stitches. The pattern instructions will indicate what stitches should be worked on those missing chart rows.
3. Check Out the KeyEvery chart will have a key or legend to tell you what each symbol means.
If the symbol has a different direction for the Right Side or Wrong Side of the work, the key will tell you how to work the stitch. For example, in the key above, the blank square represents a stitch that is knit on the Right Side and purled on the Wrong Side.
Abbreviations for the stitches are typically used in the chart key. Look at the Abbreviations section of your knitting pattern if you aren’t sure what something means.
4. Watch for RepeatsStitch repeats in charts are often marked by a red box or bolded lines. In the chart below, a ten-stitch repeat is marked with a bold, red box.
For example, if you have 25 stitches on the needle (as seen in the first photo), you would work a Right Side (or odd-numbered row) by working the first 3 stitches, repeating the 10 stitches inside the red box 2 times, and completing the row with the final 2 stitches.